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How Ferenczi changed the relational dynamic between the analyst and the patient by integrating countertransference into the psychoanalytic process? How he and the Budapest analysts – among them Michael and Alice Balint, Imre Hermann, Margaret Mahler, René A. Spitz – discovered the importance of the early infant-mother relationship and created the first object relational approaches in the psychoanalytical theory? What was Ferenczi’s paradigm-shift in the trauma theory? How did psychoanalysis find its way from Ferenczi’s terminology of ‘traumatic progression’, ‘precocious maturity’ or ‘wise baby’ phenomenon to the research of resilience? How Ferenczi and Otto Rank, later Balint and Franz Alexander realized effective tools and techniques deepening the therapeutic process and facilitating changes of the patients as well as to be able shortening the lenght of the therapy?
I will also talk about the Budapest School’s other initiatives on the theory and practice of psychoanalysis and the school’s far-reaching influence via its members that subsequently emigrated far and wide. The presentation will give orientation of how early initiatives of the Budapest School interplayed with other outstanding intellectual tendencies and how it has fertilized modern psychoanalytic theories and practice.
The paper will reach the main elements of the Freud-Ferenczi friendship/relationship and later the difficulties between them”.